system installation - How do I install Ubuntu onto a Mac Mini? - Ask Ubuntu
Here are a few places you may wish to consult if you have an Apple laptop or perhaps a PowerPC Apple system: Other places: MacBookPro MacBook www. These represents the basic set of rules for or a common denominator for all Linux installations on all Apple computers. Depending on which Apple system you have additional requirements and needs start to play a role during Linux installation on an Apple box.
Mac Mini has a special place among all these variants, because it embodies the common denominator mentioned earlier. Astute reader will notice that installing Linux on Mac Mini should be the simplest of all. Do not forget to do this while you still can run OS X. You will find all the instructions how to do this on the above "rEFIt's" web pages.
Strictly speaking you do not need Apple's beta BootCamp dual boot loader, with which you can avoid reinstalling your OS X, by shrinking the partition on which it resides releasing, free space for your Linux. I found downloading from BootCamp takes more time than manual partitioning the disk and reinstalling OS X, as well as I hate to use software under a trail based license agreement, for which there is no guaranty it would be available next time I'll need it.
I recommend you reinstall your OS X into a smaller partition yourself, which will make you more self reliant more in control and less dependent of the Internet connection. It creates a CD containing Windows drivers needed to support Apple's hardware, and also shrinks the original OS X partition to make room for the Windows installation.
It will not help you recover, if the actions you are about to take, render your Mac Mini inoperable.
Determine your hardware revision
Anyhow, Linux will not install onto a partition created with BootCamp , you will need to delete it during Linux installation. Alternatively you could partition Mac's hard drive with Apple's Disk Utility program prior reinstalling OS X, and at the same time create required free space unused disk space for partitioning during the Linux installation. We'll talk more about this later.
Mac Installation CDs 1. It isn't required but I recommend installing the downloaded software. You can consult the installation instructions for here rEFIt installation. Ubuntu live CD I used release 6. You'll need to learn how to boot from either hard drive or a CD without the help of Mac's Properties panel - pressing "C" key at the tone at boot time, or pressing the Alt key, providing rEFIt boot loader is installed 1.
If you are using wireless mouse and keyboard, use a USB versions instead, Bluetooth in Ubuntu is not yet supported for these platforms.
- search by mac address wireshark;
- Mac_mini - Community Help Wiki?
- outback lobster mac and cheese review?
It would be desirable that you test it out. Though it would not be required to install the rEFIt's boot loader 0. Only after you've done and you have the items we discussed above, are you ready to embark on wiping out OS X and installing Linux instead. Should you decide to continue, you will have no OS X on this Mac Mini computer after the step described in "Preparing the hard drive for Linux".
Installation of Ubuntu on Mac Mini
You can avoid completely destroying reformatting your hard drive by using Apple's BootCamp , which, for the reasons mentioned above, I do not recommend, and will not use in this tutorials. How to Install Ubuntu on i Mac Mini This section must begin with a warning for those of you who have any valuable data on your Mac Mini: Let's not forget to make a backup. I assume you must be interested in installing Linux, i. Ubuntu on your Mack. But you need to decide which installation path to follow. To make a proper decision, one should understand what the choices are.
I certainly didn't know that when I first decided I had enough of OS X, and of the smell of commercial deceptions and of hunger for my pocket money. Due to the lack of awareness what lies ahead, I spent so much time on saving money, that it cost me much more I was prepared to spend. Writing this, is a way of preserving or partially recovering the value the "intangible assets". One thing you can be sure of is that all of it is based on rock solid experience.
The rest is up to you, and I will try to help you make all the right steps. It should be comforting to know, that Ubuntu installation on i Mac Mini is the one that applies to virtually all Linux installations on all Macs. Different Linux distros, may handle certain aspects differently, but all have to deal with the same set of basic requirements also common to all contemporary Apple machines. The Ubuntu installation issues on i Mac Mini represent the smallest common denominator for all of the above Apple platforms and, to a sufficient degree also, for all Linux distros that are Apple ready.
Preparing the hard drive for Linux Due to a widely spread misconception regarding limitations about the possible number of disk partitions on Macs, which supposedly limits Linux on Apple's hardware to just two or, all together, at the most to four partitions under the GPT hard drive partitioning scheme, it is time we clear things out. By no means I wish to say that Linux is also lagging behind, majority of its users are, and this is the reason for many commonly accepted misconceptions and half truths, like the one about how disk partitioning works, and subsequently even a more damaging is the widely spread use of the single-partition for an average Linux installation.
It is true that a more elaborate organization of your disk space is a tad bit more demanding, but as it looks even this is too inconvenient for with the profit seeking ideas infected world these days. Nevertheless, there are quite a few folks from old school around, that prefer working on substance rather than on its packaging, and they may find this information valuable. Simple or Advanced You will also notice that there are for each installation oath two choices, either: If you do not understand what I am talking about simple is your choice, and you may skip a great deal of reading here.
If you wish to learn more, or wish to install Linux in a more traditional and most of all more secure and reliable fashion, your choice most likely but not necessarily will be the advanced option. Those of you who just want to get going fill free to jump ahead on either type of installation listed in Menu of installation types. It is not true that Linux can only be installed in a single partition on Macs Most texts on the Internet tell us about limitations, which in certain cases usually for triple boot options prevent Linux from even having its swap defined as an external partition.
This is not true, we are only limited by the disk-make - hardware platform, namely, SCSI disks, which are deployed with Mac Minis, allow 16 partitions, whereas IDE drives allow over a hundred partitions. You can most likely skip learning about all the rest disk partitioning options, in the next few paragraphs and jump directly to one of the following: Replacing OS X with a singe Ubuntu or with any other distro requires hard disk to be prepared for partitioning with OS X Disk Utility program and the partitioning option set for MBR disk partitioned scheme, which will actually prevent you to install OS X on so prepared and partitioned hard drive.
A Single Partition Linux Is a Poor Solution One has to be aware of the fact that the two different disk partitioning schemes, when creating more than four partitions differ!
Namely, in order to create more than four partitions on old BIOS and MBR based systems the partitions above the fourth had to be defined as extended partitions. However, GPT partitioning scheme doesn't allow you to define the extended partition, but does you limit to define any number your disk hardware platform will permit. This additionally complicates installation procedures by expanding a number of different installation variants, which should be considered in different situations, hence creating a great number of options, which if not specified properly greatly increase a chance your installation will fail.
The best way to address these issues is to identify all the possible installation scenarios and write installation instructions for each of them. This, therefore, is the reason for the above "Menu of installation types". To the above complications, a very popular, though in my opinion inadequate, is the simplest solution namely installing Linux in a single partition, with swap defined as a separate partition. However, as mentioned above even this may become a problem when installing a triple boot system, in which case many suggest to use a swap file within Linux partition itself rather than a partition of its own.
It was this last, for me utterly unacceptable scenario, that prompted me to search for a better and more adequate solution, which at the end shed enough light on the obfuscated area of Linux dual boots on Apple computers, which enabled me to write "yet another HOWLinux-on-Apple".
On your first read you may not yet know what is really needed from the above list. However this should be done in a functioning MacOSX. Reading or skimming this document ahead before you actually wipe out your disk is a prudent thing to do. Of course before starting any of the following procedures you should know which installation path you wish to follow.
How to Install Ubuntu on Apple's Hardware
For some installation types this step is unnecessary, because it is intrinsic to OS X installation, following installation path it will be taken care of. For those of you who wish to understand each step, let's look at the issues more closely. One can change this setting only with Mac's Installation CD. Since this is the disk formatting option, it is part of the disk formatting process. For this flag to take effect it is required that you reformat the hard drive, hence it is not possible to change this flag while you are logged into your OS X as a Mac user. Select the the hard drive in the left hand side panel containing the brand name of your HD , not the partition.
On the right five tabs appear. Click Partition tab. Volume Scheme panel appears.
Above it is a choice button, containing either the word Current or one of the "1 Partition, 2 Partitions, You can select here a number of partitions you wish to create. Normally, if you are installing a dual-boot or a triple-boot system, you'd set here "2 Partitions" and then by clicking on them, adjust and set desired values. The first partition should be set for OS X - i. Ubuntu Web Upd8: Ubuntu OMG! Results 1 to 4 of 4. August 17th, 1. Join Date Aug Beans 1. I have a mac mini late and I really would love to replace the osx with ubuntu.
Ihave read all the tutorials I can find on the topic with no luck, soI have to ask some personal help. The dvd-drive is deceased, so theonly option is bootable USB. Absolutely nothing happens. Adv Reply. September 19th, 2. I haven't got the same model as you mine is older , but the technique may still work. MacMini 2,1. You could find out if this has a bit EFI like the 1,1 does, in which case, my thread will help you. October 16th, 3.